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顺应-关联模式下《周一清晨》中冲突话语分析

论文作者:留学生论文论文属性:硕士毕业论文 thesis登出时间:2021-10-05编辑:vicky点击率:739

论文字数:48885论文编号:org202109291454595733语种:英语 English地区:中国价格:$ 66

关键词:英语语言学论文

摘要:本文是一篇英语语言学论文,本文以美国戏剧《周一早晨》中的医疗冲突话语为语料,运用会话分析和顺应关联理论,分析了该剧中冲突话语的构成形式和产生原因,并提出了缓解该剧中冲突话语的常用策略。

笔者研究发现,冲突话语的交际过程主要由三个部分组成:发起语、冲突语和结束语。然而,值得注意的是,并不是所有的冲突谈话都包含冲突的举动。在初始阶段的第一次话语对抗之后,如果话语的一方放弃与另一方的对抗,冲突话语将直接进入结束阶段。冲突话语的发端包括三种形式:陈述否定、问答对抗、命令拒绝。其中,陈述否定是最常用的语言形式。在冲突话语的冲突动作中,交际者主要通过争论、重复、解释、修辞提问和打断等方式发展冲突话语。其中,论证和解释最为突出。在冲突谈话结束时,冲突谈话主要以六种形式结束:话题转移、妥协、第三方干预、退出、对峙、因客观情况而终止。其中,妥协和退出最为频繁。


Chapter Ⅰ Introduction


1.1 Research Background

Conflict talk refers to the conflict between the utterance of one party and the other party, which is manifested in that the communicative party opposes the others’ words and behaviors, or the two sides hold different opinions on someone or something, resulting in a discourse conflict (Zhao Yingling, 2004). Living in social groups, people have to communicate and cooperate  with  others,  and  language  is  the  most  important  tool  in  interpersonal communication. People  use language to  express  their feelings, transmit  information  and exchange ideas. It can be said that the normal functioning of society can not do without language. However, in daily life, it is inevitable that people have different opinions on some issues, which may lead  to  conflict  talks and even lead to  conflict  behaviors,resulting  in serious consequences. Due to its general influence on interpersonal relations, scholars started to  study  conflict  talk  from  many  different  disciplines,  such  as  sociology,  anthropology, linguistics  and  so  on.  Grimshaw  (1990)  first  proposed  the  term  “conflict  talk”  in  his proceedings, and then it was widely used in the study of verbal conflict.

With the development of social economy and the improvement of living standards, people are paying much attention to health and Medical services. In recent years, there have been more and more TV series reflecting the relationship between doctors and patients with the background of hospitals, whose broadcasting has aroused wide attention from all walks of life. The display of medical contradictions in the play fully presents the serious problems between doctors and patients, arousing social attention about it. At the same time, it also aims to call on all sectors of society to work together to solve this social problem of doctor-patient conflict. Monday Mornings not only involves the current doctor-patient issues, but also shows the controversy over medical ethics among medical staff. Compared with the doctor-patient conflict, there are more conflict talks between doctors about saving or not saving. Up to now, scholars at home and abroad have made some achievements in the study of conflict talk. Most of them focus on the utterance between husband and wife, parents and children, mother-in-law and daughter-in-law, and also there are few studies on doctor-patient conflict talk, but this kind of research only involves the relationship between doctor and patient, ignoring other interpersonal relationships such as doctor-doctor and doctor-nurse. Therefore, this research takes the American TV series Monday Mornings as the research object, and tries to analyze the conflict talk   among people in verbal communication in the context of medical treatment.

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